Black, first among the alchemical principles, is the action of fire. Charcoal was probably the first drawing tool. With white chalk and red earth colors, black formed the palette of prehistoric painters. Da Vinci counted black pigments among the most important to create tone, tint and shade. Tintoretto often underpainted in black. While long associated with darkness and mourning, black has been a popular fashion color since the 16th century CE.
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